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|Date||Title||Files and Links|
Corrosion coupons may not be useful for predicting data center equipment failure rates
Paper presented at the Indoor Air Conference June 2011: Corrosion Coupons May Not Be Useful for Predicting Data Center Equipment Failure Rates
Author(s): Coles, H.C., P.N. Price, T. Han, A. Gadgil, and B. Tschudi
|Corrosion DC Air 2011|
Water Usage Effectiveness (WUE™): A Green Grid Data Center Sustainability Metric
Link to download white paper on the Water Usage Effectiveness (WUE) metric from Green Grid's website. Registration is required to download, but it's free to register.
|Link to Green Grid|
Air-Side Economizer Cooling Is Safe for Most California Data Centers
The goal of this research was to investigate whether gaseous contamination is a concern for California data center operators as it relates to the reliability of IT equipment.
|Airside Economizer Cooling CA_2011.pdf|
Air Corrosivity in U.S. Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That in Conventional Data Centers
The goal of this research was to investigate whether gaseous contamination is a concern for U.S. data center operators as it relates to the reliability of IT equipment.
|Air Corrosivity_Air Cooling_2011.pdf|
Best Practices Guide for Energy-Efficient Data Center Design
This guide provides an overview of best practices for energy-efficient data center design which spans the categories of Information Technology (IT) systems and their environmental conditions, data center air manage-ment, cooling and electrical systems,
|Best Practices Guide for Energy-Efficient Data Center Design|
1 Modular/Container Data Centers Procurement Guide: Optimizing for Energy Efficiency and Quick Deployment
Modular data center offerings from 17 companies are reviewed and evaluated for PUE. First and second generation designs are compared. Feb. 2011
Author(s): Bramfitt, M. and H.C. Coles
|Modular DC Comparison|
Energy Efficient and Lower Capital Cost — an Alternative Data Center Cooling Strategy
In the first section of this paper we review various ways of cooling with air and demonstrate that the distance of the heat generator to the cold sink plays a large part in the total cooling energy consumption.
|ASHRAE Cooling Strategy Pres_2011.pdf|
TUE, a new energy-efficiency metric applied at ORNL's Jaguar
This paper proposes two new metrics: ITUE (IT-power usage effectiveness), similar to PUE but “inside” the IT and TUE (total-power usage effectiveness), which combines the two for a total effi-ciency picture.
Retro-Commissioning Increases Data Center Efficiency at Low- Cost
As computing capacity within a data center shifts, their managers should ensure that its support infrastructure adapts accordingly in order to realize energy savings.
|Savannah River Site (SRS) Case Study|
Data Center Energy Efficiency Opportunities 10-3-2010
Presentation on Data Center Energy Efficiency Opportunities with the following objectives:
Rack, Row and Passive Door IT Cooling
Presentation from the Silicon Valley Leadership Group Data Center Efficiency Summit that demonstrates Rack, Row and Passive Door IT Equipment Cooling.
Author(s): Coles, H.C.
|Chill Off 2 - Coles|
Cisco Energy Management: A Case Study in Implementing Energy as a Service
Case study that provides insight into how a Cisco lab organization solved capacity challenges using innovative network-based tools and reduced total energy costs by 33 percent, functional elements of IP-enabled energy management, and how Cisco Services
Data Center Air Management Research
By applying a more rigorous methodology, this research focuses on how air management can be improved to save energy without negatively affecting the thermal IT-equipment environment and, in turn, the IT-equipment reliability.
Demonstration of Rack-Mounted Computer Equipment Cooling Solutions (PIER)
Eleven cooling systems, for rack mounted computer equipment were evaluated and compared for their cooling effectiveness and their energy.
|Rack Mounted Cooling Solutions_2010.pdf|
Wireless Sensors Improve Data Center Energy Efficiency
As data center energy densities, measured in power per square foot, increase, energy savings for cooling can be realized by applying wireless sensor network (WSN) technology and using the gathered information to efficiently manage the data center.
|Wireless Sensors in Datacenters|
High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol
This report is part of the DOE effort to develop methods for measurement in High Performance Computing (HPC) data center facilities and document system strategies that have been used in DOE data centers to increase data center energy efficiency.
|High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol|
Data Center Airflow Management Retrofit
As data center energy densities, measured in power-use per square foot, increase, energy savings for cooling can be realized by optimizing airflow pathways within the data center.
|Airflow Management Case Study|
Recommendations for Meeting Energy Efficiency Requirements for New Federal Labratories and Data Centers
The purpose of this document is to provide recommendations for meeting the energy efficiency requirements for new federal laboratories and data centers, specifically to comply with Executive Order (E.O.) 13423 and EPACT 20051.
|Labs & Data Centers EE Recommendations 2010.pdf|
Estimating the Energy Use and Efficiency Potential of U.S. Data Centers
Paper that presents a bottom-up model that can be used to estimate total data center electricity demand within a region as well as the potential electricity savings associated with energy efficiency improvements.
|US Data Center Energy Use & Savings Potential|
Demonstration of Alternative Cooling for Rack-Mounted Computer Equipment
The California Energy Commission funded a demonstration study through the Public Interest Energy Research program with the objective to compare cooling energy use of an innovative rack-mounted computer cooling design to other computer-rack cooling desig
|Demo Alternative Cooling_Rack Mounted_2010.pdf|
Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Center Infrastructure: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions
Guide that builds on prior data center benchmarking studies supported by the California energy Commission. Much of the benchmarking data are drawn from the LBNL data center benchmarking database that was developed from these studies.
|Datacenter Benchmarking Guide|
Data Center Rack Cooling with Rear-door Heat Exchanger
Liquid-cooling devices were installed on server racks in a data center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Figure 1. The passive-technology device removes heat generated by the servers from the airflow leaving the server rack.
|LBNL Rear Door Heat Exchanger Case Study|
NSIDC Data Center: Energy Reduction Strategies
The Green Data Center Project was a successful effort to significantly reduce the energy use of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).
|NSIDCAirside Economization and Unique Indirect Evaporative Cooling|
Data Center Electrical Power Chain Tool
This tool is designed to help assess the potential savings from efficiency actions in the electrical power chain of a data center, including lighting.
|DC Pro Electrical Systems Tool|
ERE: A Metric for Measuring the Benefit of Reuse Energy from a Data Center
Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) is a base data center infrastructure metric, but it does not consider these alternate uses for the waste energy.