Federal Data Centers

Federal Data Centers

The Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI)

WHAT IS DCOI?

The Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI) was established in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) memorandum M-16-19 dated August 1, 2016. DCOI supersedes the Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative (FDCCI) and fulfills the data center requirements of the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA). DCOI requires federal agencies to develop and report on data center strategies to consolidate inefficient infrastructure, optimize existing facilities, improve security posture, achieve cost savings, and transition to more efficient infrastructure, such as cloud services and inter-agency shared services. FITARA passed in 2014, and expired October 1, 2018. The FITARA Enhancement Act of 20173 extended the data center requirements of FITARA until October 1, 2020.

On June 25, 2019, OMB released an update to DCOI (M-19-19), which realigns and updates optimization metrics, and also renames the DCOI Program Management Office (PMO) to the Data Center and Cloud Optimization Initiative (DCCOI). CoE has compiled a fact sheet that contains DCOI guidance relative to energy efficiency, available here. 

General Services Administration (GSA) Office of Government-wide Policy (OGP) is the managing partner of the Federal Government’s data center line of business and data center shared services. A DCOI Community of Practice (CoP) has also been formed (see links below).

DEFINITION OF A DATA CENTER AND TIERED VS. NON-TIERED

DCOI defines a data center as having 1 or more servers and defines “tiered” data centers (which is to replace the previous “core” data center concept) as having all of:

  • A separate physical space for IT infrastructure
  • An uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
  • A dedicated cooling system or zone
  • A backup power generator

Tiered data centers are required to have plans for cost savings and track and report progress on those plans. Non-tiered data centers are to be phased out.

METRICS REQUIRED FOR TIERED DATA CENTERS

METRIC CALCULATION TARGET (by the end of FY2018)
Energy metering % of total gross floor area in the tiered inventory located in tiered data centers with power metering  100% 
Power usage effectiveness (PUE) Total energy used/Total IT equipment energy used

 <=1.5 for existing data centers

 <=1.4 for new 

Virtualization (HPC nodes excluded from this metric) (Total server count + Total virtual OS)/Total physical servers  >=4 
Server utilization and automated monitoring (HPC nodes excluded from this metric) Average server utilization x Percent of DCs Fully Equipped with Automated Monitoring   >=65% 
Facility utilization (Total active rack count x 30 sf)/Total Gross Floor Area  >=80%

DATA CENTER ENERGY PRACTITIONER (DCEP)

DCOI states that all tiered data centers shall have at least one certified DCEP assigned to manage data center performance and continued optimization. Information on the DCEP training program is available here.

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

A contact form for questions and/or to request more comprehensive Center of Expertise support for DCOI implementation in federal data centers is available here. 

Please see the links below for other helpful information and guidance related to DCOI.

Executive Order (EO) 13834

WHAT IS EO 13834?

E.O. 13834 sets forth energy and environmental performance goals, based on statutory requirements, for agencies with respect to management of facilities, vehicles, and operations. Implementing instructions for Federal Agencies for data center requirements as outlined in EO 13834 are available here

Links: 

DCOI Memorandum

DCOI Website

DCEP Training

Evidence-Based Best Practices Around Data Center Management

DCOI Implementation Technical Assistance

FEMP's Energy Efficiency Resources for Data Centers (Presentation)

DCOI CoP MAX page (requires login to MAX.gov)

DCOI CoP Knowledge Portal (requires login to MAX.gov)

Data Centers Group on the Acquisition Gateway (to post questions, requires login to AG)

DCOI Guide for Data Center Migration, Consolidation, and Closure

Implementing Instructions for Executive Order 13834 Efficient Federal Operations