Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI)

Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI)

Established by the U.S. Office of Management & Budget (OMB) in 2016, the Data Center Optimization Initiative (DCOI) seeks to improve data center operations across 24 federal agencies and aid them in realizing significant energy and cost savings. DCOI supersedes the Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative (FDCCI) and fulfills the data center requirements of the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA). DCOI requires federal agencies to develop and report on data center strategies to consolidate inefficient infrastructure, optimize existing facilities, improve security posture, achieve cost savings, and transition to more efficient infrastructure, such as cloud services and inter-agency shared services. 

The latest DCOI guidance for federal agencies can be found in (Memorandum-19-19), which realigns and updates optimization metrics, and also renames the DCOI Program Management Office (PMO) to the Data Center and Cloud Optimization Initiative (DCCOI). CoE has compiled a fact sheet that contains DCOI guidance relative to energy efficiency, available here. 


DCOI defines a data center as having 1 or more servers and defines “tiered” data centers (which is to replace the previous “core” data center concept) as having all of:

  • A separate physical space for IT infrastructure
  • An uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
  • A dedicated cooling system or zone
  • A backup power generator


For questions or to request more comprehensive Center of Expertise support for DCOI implementation in federal data centers, please contact us at


General Services Administration (GSA) Office of Government-wide Policy (OGP) is the managing partner of the Federal Government’s data center line of business and data center shared services. A DCOI Community of Practice (CoP) has also been formed (see links below).


The Current State of DCOI: Lessons Learned and Opportunities for Improvement

DCOI CoP MAX page (requires login to

DCOI CoP Knowledge Portal (requires login to

Data Centers Group on the Acquisition Gateway (to post questions, requires login to AG)

DCOI Guide for Data Center Migration, Consolidation, and Closure

Evidence-Based Best Practices Around Data Center Management